Hazara Wars in Afghanistan p6
He writes that the Hazara people always sided with foreign invaders because they considered every Afghan to be an infidel. Regarding the governor of Bamiyan, Abdul Quddus Khan, he writes that I had instructed him to invite the Hazara tribes from time to time for feasts. Apart from this, they should give allowances to the Hazara chiefs, gifts of gifts and khilaats i.e. valuable clothes and persuade them to live as peaceful subjects. But they allege that the Hazara tribes considered themselves invincible and believed in their own power.
were In this letter, Hazara, according to the Afghan Amir, wrote that if you Afghans are proud of the support of a worldly chieftain, we are also proud of the support of our preceptor, Zulfiqar Talwar. By this he meant Caliph Hazrat Ali. At the end of the letter it was written that we advise you to stay away from us if you want your own well-being. That is, according to Amir Abdul Rehman, the Hazara tribes used to threaten them. The Afghan Amir writes that some Hazara chiefs accepted my obedience after the defeat and came to Kabul to the number of about a hundred.
I treated them kindly and tried to win their hearts. I gave them expensive khaleets, clothes, cash from 1000 to 2000 rupees. Regarding the Hazara rebel Sardar Muhammad Azim Baig, he says that I made him a Sardar. He was given the same status as his royal family. He was appointed as the Viceroy of the Hazaras. But he committed treason, rather he had a hand in instigating the rebellion. Similarly, Amir Abdul Rahman does not believe that Hazara commander Azim Baig was killed.
He writes that Azim Beg was taken prisoner along with his family to Kabul where he died in prison. He also writes that I treated the Hazara prisoners well and sent them back to their homes on the condition that they remain peaceful. He also did not mention the agreement of 1893 with Hazara. On the situation after the suppression of the Hazara rebellion, he writes that now the people are living quietly, peacefully and in the realm of law. Because such a person no longer exists. It means that everything has ended.
Apart from this, Amir has not mentioned the Hazara tribes who were displaced and exiled during the suppression of the rebellion. Friends, this is the position of the ruler who allegedly inflicted all these atrocities on the Hazara tribes that we mentioned earlier in the video. Obviously, this is the official position.Stv Urdu No government says that atrocities have been committed by it, it blames only the rebels. Amir Abd al-Rahman’s position does not mention possible Hazara grievances, blasphemy fatwas against them, post-conquest atrocities, or any agreement with the Hazaras.
Neither did Amir write that Britain had given him military support against the Hazaras. Similarly, he did not write anything about the Hazara tribes who were forced to leave Afghanistan due to military operations and came to Iran or now Pakistan. Even today, we can see that Hazara tribes displaced from Afghanistan are present in Quetta. That is, through the fighting of the Hazaras, Amir Abdul Rahman had also changed the demography of the Hazaras to a great extent. However, we have honestly presented the position of both sides to you.
Amir Abdul Rehman tried hard to change not only the Hazaras but also the demography of western and northern Afghanistan. With the advice of a British colonel CE Yeat, a project called Afghanization was started under which the Pashtun population was forcibly removed from the border areas of western and northern Afghanistan and replaced by Pashtuns. Under the process of Afghanization, within three years one to two hundred thousand Pashtuns were expelled from Helmand, Kandahar, Ghazni, Nangarhar and Kabul and sent to northern Afghanistan.
Thus, in just four years, the population of Pashtuns in northern Afghanistan increased from four percent to thirty percent. On the other hand, Uzbek, Turkmani and Emaq tribes from these areas were deprived of their lands without compensation. These people were sent to the barren hills of Badghis, Ghor and Herat etc. Many people were left helpless in Balkh, Pul Khamri and Qatghan, the present-day Baghlan, Kunduz and Takhar provinces. Similarly, with the help of the British, Amir Abdul Rahman also captured the independent state of Memna in the northern province of Faryab.
Thus friends Amir Abdul Rahman tried to change the demography of Afghanistan to make it a nation state. However, they were not very successful because the local people did not accept the Pashtun settlers wholeheartedly. Even today, there are sharp differences between the local population and the Pashtuns, especially in northern Afghanistan. Local people are still more proud of being Tajiks or Uzbeks than Afghans and hate Pashtuns. Amir Abdul Rahman could not make Afghans a nation but he did one thing successfully.
This was the task of determining the borders of Afghanistan. The British also supported him fully in this work. However, while drawing the border lines, the Afghans had to bear some losses and also got some benefits. What were the disadvantages and advantages? What happened to the war between Russia and Afghanistan?How was the Durand Line, Pak-Afghan border drawn? What was the role of Afghanistan in the revolt of the tribesmen against the British? All these will show you but in the next episode of History of Afghanistan